(3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-language novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work, which fuses elements of realism and the fantastic, typically features isolated protagonists faced by bizarre or surrealistic predicaments and incomprehensible social-bureaucratic powers, and has been interpreted as exploring themes of alienation, existential anxiety, guilt and absurdity. His best known works include “Die Verandlung” (“The Metamorphosis”), Der Process (The Trial), and Das (The Castle). The term Kafkaesque has entered the English language to describe situations like those in his writing.
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